Aro 4x4czech

The history of ARO 4x4

IMS-57, the first produced vehicle

The first production of Romanian road vehicle IMS-57 out going from Russian Gaz started in Campulung in 1957. With the use of own or imported components. The type 914 IMS-57 had following parameters: two door body with canvas, petrol engine with capacity of 3.260 cm3, 50 horses/2.800 r.p.m., speed 80kmh and consumption 24l/100 km. The production was handmade, the parts were made on wooden hooves, the finishing work of the body and varnish was made in Pitesti Motorcar factory and the function of chassis was tested on road Capulung -Colibasi.

M-59/M-461

Two years later a new type M-59 was introduced that showed a new step forward in comparison with IMS-57: engine had 56 horses and the maximal speed up to 90kmh, manual windscreen wiper had been changed by electrical one. All vehicles had been varnished, completed and finished in Campulung. At the same time with the increasing production of M-59 (803 pcs vehicles in 1959 up to 3222 pcs vehicles in 1963) new design and start of a new production of M-461 had been prepared. The production started in 1964. Remarkable improvement of vehicle complementation and and mechanical parts had been seen. The engine had 4 cylinders in one row, 70 horses and maximal speed 100 kmh and consumption 17l/100 km at 80 kmh. In 1965 the first 2000 pcs of vehicles were exported to China and Columbia. ARO M461 was powerful road vehicle that won several international competitions: 1970 - Forest Rally (Belgium), 1973 - Sonsof Beaches (Oregon). With improving of technology and performance by the year 1975 there were 80.233 pcs of vehicles made , out of 46.549 were exported and the rest was used mainly by Romanian army.

ARO 24,32,33

The new road vehicle of the same class was being prepared from the year 1966: ARO 240 the first from the serie 24. The new type had several distinguished and interesting upgrades when we look at the time of finishing the design. The body was totally new, it was safer inside and more comfortable. The engine had capacity of 2.495 cm3, 83 horses and maximal speed 115-120 kmh, consumption of 13.8l/100 km. In the year 1972 company FORD-EUROPE organised a test where ARO got the second prize behind Range Rover and before Jeep-Wills, Ford or Land Rover.
From the beginning was this model designed in two versions: two door body with canvas (240) and four door body with solid roof (244). From these two versions after small changes there has been a new type pick-up made (242) and other modification 243 (canvas was changed by solid roof). Elongated pick-up 320 started to be designed in 1978 and was assembled by a manufacturer of buses in Bucharest. After 1989 the type serie 24 was changed by assembling imported engines (Ford, Peugeot) and enlarged with new type series 32 and 33. New modifications have been made 323 SANITA, 246 with raised roof, 335 SASSI. 324 Pick-up, 328 MAXI TAXI, luxurious type ARO Hunter equipped by engine COSWORTH.

During the years ARO had been modificated, (dashboard, front mask, steering, brakes). Chassis was in the years 1998-1999 totally revised, mainly from the view of usage of new materials. New components mainly in chassis part have changed their durability and driving characteristics. Conceptually the chassis part together with the body face has been kept the same. Why to change something that had shown the best to be on these vehicles. ARO 24 was imported into several countries, including Canada, England, and Australia and even was produced also in Portugal (called Portato) and in Spain (called Hisparo). That also wan worldknow Pharaons Rally Raid. Over 125.000 vehicles from the family ARO 24 were produced until the year 1985 and out of 93.000 were imported.

ARO 10

After 5 years of designs, testing and preparations for production ARO 10 was introduced into market in 1980 under the name Dacia 10 in Romania, ARO Trapeurs in France, ARO Ischia in Italy and Dacia Duster in Great Britain. ARO 10 was selected into middle class with attractive design. A new body construction was chosen with door doors, metal and water resistant roof. This vehicle has several familiar elements with Dacia 1300 and was produced in four basic types: 10.0, 10.1, 10.3, 10.4.. The engine was taken from Dacia 1.3 l. From the beginning of 1984 the vehicle had engine of 1397cm3 that could make maximal speed of 118kmh. The export started already in 1980 and until 1985 there were 90% of production exported into the following countries: Great Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and Greece. Diesel engines VW and Pegaso were used for export. In 1985 was finished 10.8 pick-up in the modification short , very short, double cab. At that time a new prototype ARO SCORPION was introduced in Italy. During the years ARO 10 had been modificated and equipped with front mask with two or four lights, sports wheels and plastic body accessories. Also a new four-door version was being produced. Version ARO 10 SOFT-TOP called Spartana is equipped with engine Renault 1,9 TD. In 1999 a new prototype ARO 10 Super on basis of chassis ARO 244. It has not been introduced into serie production.

The philosophy of the producer has always been clear. To produce cheap, simple, on diagnostically apparatus independent and reliable terrain vehicle. Without electronic and extra outfit, for the most difficult conditions, with financially interesting care and with the best characteristics while driving in terrain. Terrain vehicle ARO will surprise you on flat road. However when you turn off road it will show you what it had been created for.

made by: INET-SERVIS.CZ, Hradec Králové